Reinforcement

It is the occurrence of a behaviour that is followed by an immediate consequence which results in the strengthening of the behaviour or an increase in the probability of the behaviour in the future. There are two types of reinforcement; Positive and negative reinforcement.

 

How To Use Reinforcement

  • Tell the child the specific behaviour you liked
  • Provide a consequence that matches the value of the behaviour
  • Provide the reinforcement immediately within 3 seconds
  • Use sincere words, appropriate facial expressions and neutral tone of voice
  • Make sure consequences are valued by the child
  • Try to limit your words to about 8 – 9 words.

Schedules of Reinforcement.

What is a schedule of Reinforcement?

It is set of rules that parents(teachers, caregivers) follow when delivering reinforcers (e.g. praise or treat) which often states that Reinforcement is given after every desired behavior or correct response to a question; or for every 4 correct responses; or when a certain amount of time has reached. There are two types of schedule of reinforcement, Continuous and Intermittent schedule.

Continuous Reinforcement; it’s when a child receives a reinforcer each time she/he displays an expected behavior. This reinforcement schedule is the fastest to teach a child a behavior, and it is especially effective in teaching a new behavior. for instance, when a child is learning to write, each time he/she writes, you give him/her a treat(timing is important here) you will be most successful if you present the reinforcer immediately after he/she writes, so that he can make an association between the target behavior (writing) and the consequence (getting a treat).

Intermittent Reinforcement; The child does not get reinforced every time they perform the desired behavior. it could be fixed, variable or intervals and is most effective schedule to use when maintaining a behavior