What is Special Education

What is Special Education

What is Special Education.

It is an educational program designed for students who are mentally, physically, socially and emotionally delayed especially in the physical, cognitive and scholastic skills of the child which places the child behind their peers. As a result of this, a child’s needs cannot be met within the traditional classroom environment. So special education offers range of services that can be provided in different ways and in different settings with a no one size fits all approach but tailored to meet each child’s needs using a delivery instruction that meet the appropriate need of each child. They can be in a general education class with regular students or in an accommodated class depending on the child’s specific learning needs.

Is my child eligible for special education?

It’s not every child with disability and developmental delay that is eligible for special education services rather the eligibility is determined by an educational evaluation conducted on a child when the child is observed to be struggling with learning issues.

The school puts up a team of professionals to do the evaluation which will include the school psychologist, social worker, student’s teacher, other educators plus the child’s parents. The child will be tested in various ways with a review of her school records and classroom observations. The evaluation gives the parents and the school insight into the child’s challenges, strengths and determines the type of placement and education services that will meet the child’s learning needs and create an IEP (Individualized Education Program) where necessary.

What Is an IEP (Individualized Education Program)

It is a document that clearly defines the individual learning goal and objectives for a child with a disability. It sets out the special education program and academic modifications required to meet the child’s specific needs. IEPs are developed by a team which comprises of the child’s teacher, parents, and other supporting school staff. This team meets once a year to assess and review the academic and developmental progress of the child and make changes where necessary.